By Fernando Acre

GUSTAFSEN LAKE – The 1995 Gustafsen Lake standoff was one of the most significant conflicts between Indigenous people and the Canadian state. Over 400 RCMP officers used helicopters, armoured personnel carriers and fired over 70,000 rounds of ammunition at the Indigenous land defenders over the 30 day siege. As Indigenous people involved in the conflict issue renewed calls for the Canadian government to hold an inquiry on the standoff, RPM correspondent Fernando Arce speaks with James Pitawanakwat who was exiled as a result of the conflict and Kanahus Manuel, communications spokesperson for the Ts’Peten Defence Committee.