Category: Historical

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Aug 20, 1891 – The Mohawks’ letter to Prince Arthur on the Silver Covenant Chain

The following document is a copy of a letter sent by Tortoise Totem, Joseph J. Brant De-ka-ri ho-ken and 4 others to Prince Andrew on the topic of the silver covenant chain relationship between the Mohawks and the British Crown.

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From Akwesasne Notes to the Oka Crisis: Francis Boots’ long journey through Indian country

In this episode, Francis Boots talks about how he went to his first protest and his life long journey through the hotspots of Indian country. Francis tell us about the founding and growth of...

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The Siege of the Mohawks

By Peter Matthiessen; Peter Matthiessen is the author of “The Snow Leopard” and other books. Washington Post, September 14, 1980 A dangerous confrontation between armed Mohawk factions on a small and remote reservation on...

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Elder Vern Harper speaks about his experiences of Alcatraz

TORONTO – On March 21st, 2017 Gary Wassaykeesic continued his ongoing show, “Telling our Stories”. In this episode Gary speaks with Elder Vern Harper in Toronto. They discuss the history and significance of the...

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Justice and Legality: The sisters of Antigone

By Michael Keefer Canada does seem to be having persistent problems with the law. The Supreme Court of Canada ruled in its Delgamuukw and Marshall decisions, in 1997 and 1999, that First Nations peoples...

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Finding North America’s lost medieval city

Cahokia was North America’s biggest city—then it was completely abandoned. I went there to find out why. by ANNALEE NEWITZ – 12/13/2016, 7:30 AM Ars Technica A thousand years ago, huge pyramids and earthen mounds stood...

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Genocide, Racism and Canada Day: An Algonquin-Anishinaabekwe love letter

By Lynn Gehl Gii-Zhigaate-Mnidoo-Kwe Living in Canada as I do, I encounter proud Canadians all the time, more so around the time of Canada Day celebrations.  The commonly held view put forward by these...

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Toronto is an Iroquois Word

By Suzanne Methot of Dragonfly Consulting Services Canada TORONTO – At many gatherings in Toronto, people acknowledge that they are on “Mississauga territory.” That didn’t happen 20 years ago, and that makes it a good...

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(re)occupied: #OccupyINAC and British Columbia’s 1975 Militant May

By Sarah Nickel When approximately thirty members of the Idle No More and Black Lives Matter movements entered the Indigenous and Northern Affairs (INAC) office in Toronto on April 13, 2016 to protest government...

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The commons, the castle, the witch and the lynx

By Peter Linebaugh One day at Crottorf we eat mouthwatering strawberries and yogurt for our lunch-time sweet. Crottorf is the name of a castle, or schloss, in Westphalia, Germany.  Twenty-one of us are assembled...